The heart pumps blood through the lungs
then around the body taking oxygen to all the organs. Without
oxygen the cells which make up the body will die. Find out how to
use first aid to treat heart problems and what you should look out
• Angina - Is a pain in the
chest caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart muscle
• Cardiac arrest – This
happens when the heart stops pumping effectively leading to
collapse, loss of responsiveness and the person ceasing to breathe.
This is a medical emergency.
• Heart attack – This
happens when there is an obstruction of the blood supply to part of
the heart muscle, leading to pain, or if a large part of the muscle
is affected, the heart could stop beating effectively (i.e. it may
lead to a cardiac arrest). Urgent medical attention is needed in an
attempt to improve the blood flow to the muscle.
• Shock – This happens
when there is a disruption to the blood supply to part of the
brain, leading to a change in function (i.e. inability to speak,
use an arm or a leg. If a large part of the brain is affected the
person may lose responsiveness or have a seizure). Urgent medical
attention is needed in an attempt to improve blood flow to the
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