Poisons are substances that can cause temporary
or permanent damage if too much is absorbed by the body. Poisons
can be swallowed, inhaled, injected or absorbed through the
Someone can get drug poisoning from taking an
overdose of prescribed drugs, over the counter drugs, or illegal
But the effects will be different depending on
the type of drug and how the person has taken it, such as by
swallowing, inhaling or injecting.
Watch our video - what to do if someone has swallowed a
What to look for - Drug poisoning
If you think someone may have drug poisoning,
these are 10 common things to look for:
- 1. Stomach pain, nausea and vomiting
- 2. Sleepiness leading to unresponsiveness
- 3. Confusion and deliriousness
- 4. Excitable hyperactive behaviour
- 5. Sweating
- 6. Shaking hands
- 7. Hallucinations ‒ they may claim
to 'hear voices' or 'see things'
- 8. Unusually slow or fast pulse
- 9. Unusually small or large pupils
- 10. Needle marks which may be infected
What you need to do - Drug poisoning
• Call 999 or 111 for medical help.
• If they’re responsive, help them into a
comfortable position and ask them what they’ve taken.
• Gather as much information as you can.
While you wait for help to arrive, look for any packaging or
containers that will help identify the drugs.
• Keep checking their breathing, pulse and
level of response.
• If they lose responsiveness at any point,
open their airway, check their breathing and prepare to treat
someone who’s become unresponsive.
• Never try to make them vomit, but if they
vomit naturally then put some of this into a bag or container and
give it to the ambulance – this may help them identify the